Why should we use eLearning?
- Can update content quickly and efficiently
- Able to use multimedia
When should we use eLearning?
- For the development of knowledge or reasoning skills
- Effective when combined with face to face education (blended learning)
Guidelines for effective design;
- Start with the learning goals clearly defined
- Keep text short (chunk's)
- Place your key point at the beginning
- Have a clear structure (use headlines)
- Use a conversational tone
- Use repetition
- Use interactive exercises
- Give feedback
Designing Virtual Patients
What is a virtual patient?
- computer program that simulates a realistic clinical scenario
- student assumes the role (e.g - doctor)
- student makes choices that influence the case
Types of virtual patient;
- Linear case - fixed path, interactive page turner. Authoring tools - powerpoint and XOT
- Branched Case - learners determine path, more complicated to design - all paths must be connected. Authoring tools - XOT and Open Labyrinth
- Simulations - unrestricted environment, real time simulation, unpredicatable outcomes. No standard tools - high development costs.
Tips for developing virtual patients
- Determine learning goals
- Pick your case (realistic and applicable to learning goals)
- Make a storyboard
- Fill in the details (Patient history, records, relevant questions)
- Have feedback and interactivity - students learn from their mistakes
- Collect multimedia
- Design you case (pick the right tool)
- Test your case (students and experts)
Open source tools for developing eLearning and virtual patients
Some useful papers on developing virtual patient resources;
- Twelve tips to support the development of clinical reasoning skills using virtual patient cases.
- Twelve tips: Guidelines for authoring virtual patient cases.
- Virtual patient design: exploring what works and why. A grounded theory study.